I was able to grab dinner with a friend and we played dozens of hands of 2-player ASWG. He definitely has a different playing style than my other friend, and made me rethink some of the main mechanics. Originally, the rule was that a player who passes forces the other player to play a card, even if causes the total to go over the goal. What happens, in retrospect, is that this player is penalized for putting the sum close to the goal. Either the next player passes, often forcing the original player to go over and losing the spot (trick). So the player who passes is rarely at the disadvantage since passing only occurs close to the goal.
Over the few dozen hands, this happened too often. Instead, I've decided that if you pass the other player gets the spot automatically at a discounted point rate.